Picture of wind turbine against blue sky

Open Access research with a real impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs.

The Energy Systems Research Unit (ESRU) within Strathclyde's Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering is producing Open Access research that can help society deploy and optimise renewable energy systems, such as wind turbine technology.

Explore wind turbine research in Strathprints

Explore all of Strathclyde's Open Access research content

The insulin- and glucagon-stimulated 'dense-vesicle' high-affinity cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase from rat liver. Purification, characterization and inhibitor sensitivity

Pyne, N J and Cooper, M E and Houslay, M D (1987) The insulin- and glucagon-stimulated 'dense-vesicle' high-affinity cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase from rat liver. Purification, characterization and inhibitor sensitivity. Biochemical journal, 242 (1). pp. 33-42. ISSN 0264-6021

Full text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)

Abstract

The hormone-stimulated 'dense-vesicle' cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase was solubilized as a proteolytically 'clipped' species, and purified to apparent homogeneity from rat liver with a 2000-3000-fold purification and a 13-18% yield. It appeared to be a dimer (Mr 112,000), of two Mr-57,000 subunits. Solubilization of either a liver or a hepatocyte membrane fraction, with sodium cholate in the presence of the protein inhibitor benzamidine, identified three protein bands which could be immunoprecipitated by a polyclonal antibody raised against the pure enzyme. The major band at Mr 62,000 is suggested to be the native 'dense-vesicle' enzyme, having a Mr-5000 extension which serves to anchor this enzyme to the membrane and which is cleaved off during proteolytic solubilization; the Mr-200,000 band is an aggregate of the Mr-62,000 species, and the Mr-63,000 species is possibly a precursor. The purified 'clipped' enzyme hydrolysed cyclic AMP with kinetics indicative of apparent negative co-operativity, with a Hill coefficient (h) of 0.43 and limiting kinetic constants of Km1 = 0.3 +/- 0.05 microM, Km2 = 29 +/- 6 microM, Vmax.1 = 0.114 +/- 0.015 unit/mg of protein and Vmax.2 = 0.633 +/- 0.054 unit/mg of protein. It hydrolysed cyclic GMP with Michaelis kinetics, Km = 10 +/- 1 microM and Vmax. = 4.1 +/- 0.2 units/mg of protein. Cyclic GMP was a potent inhibitor of cyclic AMP hydrolysis, with an IC50 (concn. giving 50% inhibition) of 0.20 +/- 0.01 microM-cyclic GMP when assayed at 0.1 microM-cyclic AMP. This enzyme was inhibited potently by several drugs known to exert positive inotropic effects on the heart, was extremely thermolabile, with a half-life of 4.5 +/- 0.5 min at 40 degrees C, and was shown to be distinct from the rat liver insulin-stimulated peripheral-plasma-membrane cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase [Marchmont, Ayad & Houslay (1981) Biochem. J. 195, 645-652].