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The role of the cyclic GMP-inhibited cyclic AMP-specific phosphodiesterase (PDE3) in regulating clonal BRIN-BD11 insulin secreting cell survival

Ahmad, Masroor and Flatt, Peter R. and Furman, Brian L. and Pyne, Nigel J. (2000) The role of the cyclic GMP-inhibited cyclic AMP-specific phosphodiesterase (PDE3) in regulating clonal BRIN-BD11 insulin secreting cell survival. Cellular Signalling, 12 (8). pp. 541-548. ISSN 0898-6568

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Abstract

We report here that the cyclic GMP-inhibited cyclic AMP specific phosphodiesterase (PDE3B) is expressed as a membrane-bound protein in clonal insulin-secreting BRIN-BD11 cells. This was shown using SKF94836 (PDE3 inhibitor) which maximally inhibited membrane-bound cyclic AMP PDE activity by approximately 25-30% and by RT-PCR. We also demonstrated that insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1) activates PDE3B in BRIN-BD11 cells. We therefore evaluated the role of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p42/p44 MAPK) pathways in regulating this enzyme. We report here that the PI3K inhibitor, wortmannin, prevented the IGF-1-dependent stimulation of PDE3B activity. In contrast, the inhibitor of MEK-1 activation, PD098059 (which reduced IGF-1-stimulated p42/p44 MAPK phosphorylation), had no effect on PDE3B activation. Furthermore, IGF-1-dependent stimulation of p42/p44 MAPK and PDE3B was abolished in serum-deprived cells and this was associated with apoptosis. We propose that the deregulation of the PI3K/PDE3B pathway might result in increased intracellular cyclic AMP accumulation, which promotes apoptosis. This was supported by the finding that the adenylyl cyclase activator, forskolin, also induced apoptosis. Finally, we found that orthovanadate (a phosphotyrosine phosphatase inhibitor) fully restored the activation of p42/p44 MAPK in serum-deprived cells, but had only a small effect on PDE activity. This confirmed that p42/p44 MAPK is on a separate pathway to PDE3B. Therefore, IGF-1-dependent regulation of PDE3B may be linked to cell survival through PI3K and not p42/p44 MAPK.