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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

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Bradykinin-dependent activation of adenylate cyclase activity and cyclic AMP accumulation in tracheal smooth muscle occurs via protein kinase C-dependent and -independent pathways

Stevens, P A and Pyne, S and Grady, M and Pyne, N J (1994) Bradykinin-dependent activation of adenylate cyclase activity and cyclic AMP accumulation in tracheal smooth muscle occurs via protein kinase C-dependent and -independent pathways. Biochemical journal, 297 (1). pp. 233-9. ISSN 0264-6021

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Treatment of cultured tracheal smooth-muscle cells (TSM) with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) (100 nM) or bradykinin (100 nM) elicited enhanced basal and guanosine 5'-[beta gamma-imido]-triphosphate-stimulated adenylate cyclase activities in subsequently isolated membranes. Combined stimulation of cells was non-additive, indicating that both agents activate adenylate cyclase via similar routes. Both PMA (100 nM) and bradykinin (100 nM) allowed the alpha subunit of Gs to act as a more favourable substrate for its cholera-toxin-catalysed ADP-ribosylation in vitro. PMA was without effect on intracellular cyclic AMP in control cells. However, constitutive activation of Gs by treatment in vivo with cholera toxin (0.5 ng/ml, 18 h) sensitized the cells to PMA stimulation, resulting in a concentration-dependent increase in intracellular cyclic AMP accumulation (EC50 = 7.3 +/- 2.5 nM, n = 5). Bradykinin also elicited a concentration-dependent increase in intracellular cyclic AMP (EC50 = 63.3 +/- 14.5 nM, n = 3). Constitutive activation of Gs resulted in an increased maximal response (10-fold) and potency (EC50 = 6.17 +/- 1.6 nM, n = 3) to bradykinin. This response was not affected by the B2-receptor antagonist, NPC567 [which selectively blocks bradykinin-stimulated phospholipase C (PLC), with minor activity against phospholipase D (PLD) activity]. Des-Arg9-bradykinin (a B1-receptor agonist) was without activity. These results suggest that the receptor sub-type capable of activating PLD may also be stimulatory for cyclic AMP accumulation. Furthermore, pre-treatment of the cells with butan-l-ol (0.3%, v/v), which traps phosphatidate derived from PLD reactions, blocked the bradykinin-stimulated increase in intracellular cyclic AMP. These studies suggest that there may be a causal link between PLD-derived phosphatidate and the positive modulation of adenylate cyclase activity. In support of this, the concentration-dependence for bradykinin-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity was identical with that of bradykinin-stimulated phospholipase D activity (EC50 = 5 nM). Bradykinin, but not PMA, was also capable of eliciting the inhibition of cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase activity in TSM cells (EC50 > 100 nM) via an unidentified mechanism. These studies indicate that cross-regulation between the cyclic AMP pathway and phospholipid-derived second messengers in TSM cells does not occur as a consequence of PLC-catalysed PtdIns(4,5)P2 hydrolysis, but may involve, in part, PLD-catalysed phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis.