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Composition matrices, (2+2)-free posets and their specializations

Dukes, Mark and Jelínek, Vit and Kubitzke, Martina (2011) Composition matrices, (2+2)-free posets and their specializations. The Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, 18 (1).

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In this paper we present a bijection between composition matrices and (2 + 2)- free posets. This bijection maps partition matrices to factorial posets, and induces a bijection from upper triangular matrices with non-negative entries having no rows or columns of zeros to unlabeled (2 + 2)-free posets. Chains in a (2 + 2)-free poset are shown to correspond to entries in the associated composition matrix whose hooks satisfy a simple condition. It is shown that the action of taking the dual of a poset corresponds to reflecting the associated composition matrix in its anti-diagonal. We further characterize posets which are both (2 + 2)- and (3 + 1)-free by certain properties of their associated composition matrices.