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Surface and interstitial transition barriers in rutile (110) surface growth

Sanville, E. J. and Vernon, L. J. and Kenny, S. D. and Smith, R. and Moghaddam, Y. and Browne, C. and Mulheran, P. (2009) Surface and interstitial transition barriers in rutile (110) surface growth. Physical Review B, 80 (23). -. ISSN 1098-0121

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Abstract

We present calculated surface and interstitial transition barriers for Ti, O, O-2, TiO, and TiO2 atoms and clusters at the rutile (110) surface. Defect structures involving these small clusters, including adcluster and interstitial binding sites, were calculated by energy minimization using density-functional theory (DFT). Transition energies between these defect sites were calculated using the NEB method. Additionally, a modified SMB-Q charge equilibration empirical potential and a fixed-charge empirical potential were used for a comparison of the transition energy barriers. Barriers of 1.2-3.5 eV were found for all studied small cluster transitions upon the surface except for transitions involving O-2. By contrast, the O-2 diffusion barriers along the [001] direction upon the surface are only 0.13 eV. The QEq charge equilibration model gave mixed agreement with the DFT calculations, with the barriers ranging between 0.8 and 5.8 eV.

Item type: Article
ID code: 34264
Keywords: binding energy, density functional theory, diffusion barriers, interstitials, minimisation, surface diffusion, surface phase transformations, surface structure, titanium compounds, minimum energy paths, elastic band method, atomistic simulation, titanium-dioxide, saddle-points, TIO2 films, glass, Physical and theoretical chemistry, Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials, Condensed Matter Physics
Subjects: Science > Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry
Department: Faculty of Engineering > Chemical and Process Engineering
Related URLs:
    Depositing user: Pure Administrator
    Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2012 15:18
    Last modified: 28 Mar 2014 05:42
    URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/34264

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