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Strathprints serves world leading Open Access research by the University of Strathclyde, including research by the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS), where research centres such as the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC), the Cancer Research UK Formulation Unit, SeaBioTech and the Centre for Biophotonics are based.

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Study on conductivity and redox stability of iron orthovanadate

Cowin, Peter I. and Lan, Rong and Zhang, Lei and Petit, Christophe T. G. and Kraft, Arno and Tao, Shanwen (2011) Study on conductivity and redox stability of iron orthovanadate. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 126 (3). pp. 614-618. ISSN 0254-0584

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Abstract

FeVO4 was synthesised by conventional solid state technique. Impedance measurements using a silver electrode were unsuccessful due to a solid state reaction between FeVO4 and Ag, forming alpha-AgVO3 and alpha-Fe2O3 at the interface. Impedance measurements, with a platinum electrode, reaffirmed that FeVO4 exhibits semiconductor behaviour in air. In a reducing atmosphere, 5% H-2/Ar, high electronic conductivity, from 1 S cm(-1) at 300 degrees C to 2 S cm(-1) at 700 degrees C, was observed with an activation energy of 0.13(1) eV. X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry data determined that the change in electronic conductivity was due to the degradation of the material into FeV2O4 and alpha-Fe2O3. It is believed that the conduction was due to electron hopping between vanadium d-orbitals. Neither FeVO4 nor FeV2O4 are deemed suitable as anode materials for solid oxide fuel cells, due to redox instability.