Elliott, Mark and Ainsworth, Kirsty (2012) Predicting university undergraduates' binge-drinking behavior : a comparative test of the one- and two-component theories of planned behavior. Addictive Behaviors, 37 (1). pp. 92-101.Full text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)
This study provides a comparative test of the one- and two-component theories of planned behavior (TPB) in the context of university undergraduates’ binge-drinking. Participants (N=120) self-completed questionnaire measures of all TPB constructs at time 1 and subsequent binge-drinking at time 2 (two-weeks later). The data were analyzed using a combination of path analyses and bootstrapping procedures. Both models accounted for a substantial proportion of the variation in behavior. However, the two-component TPB provided a significantly better fit to the data, with the total direct and indirect effects accounting for 90% of the variance. Intention was the only direct predictor of behavior. Instrumental attitude, affective attitude and self-efficacy had indirect effects. Although health interventions could usefully target these cognitive antecedents, simulation analyses, modelling the effects of cognition change on behavior, showed that only large- (0.8 SD) sized changes to affective attitude, or moderate-sized changes to all of these cognitions in combination were sufficient to reduce binge-drinking.
|Keywords:||university students, cognition and behavior change, binge-drinking, two-component theory of planned behavior , Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry and Mental health, Toxicology, Medicine (miscellaneous)|
|Subjects:||Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology|
|Department:||Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (HaSS) > School of Psychological Science and Health > Psychology|
|Depositing user:||Pure Administrator|
|Date Deposited:||24 Oct 2011 15:22|
|Last modified:||26 Aug 2016 02:31|