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Design of optimal Earth pole-sitter transfers using low thrust propulsion

Heiligers, Jeannette and Ceriotti, Matteo and McInnes, Colin and Biggs, James (2011) Design of optimal Earth pole-sitter transfers using low thrust propulsion. In: 62nd International Astronautical Congress 2011, 2011-10-03 - 2011-10-07, Cape Town,.

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    Abstract

    Recent studies have shown the feasibility of an Earth pole-sitter mission using low-thrust propulsion. This mission concept involves a spacecraft following the Earth's polar axis to have a continuous, hemispherical view of one of the Earth's poles. Such a view will enhance future Earth observation and telecommunications for high latitude and polar regions. To assess the accessibility of the pole-sitter orbit, this paper investigates optimum Earth pole-sitter transfers employing low-thrust propulsion. A launch from low Earth orbit (LEO) by a Soyuz Fregat upper stage is assumed after which a solar-electric-propulsion thruster transfers the spacecraft to the pole-sitter orbit. The objective is to minimise the mass in LEO for a given spacecraft mass to be inserted into the pole-sitter orbit. The results are compared with a ballistic transfer that exploits the manifolds winding off the pole-sitter orbit. It is shown that, with respect to the ballistic case, low-thrust propulsion can achieve significant mass savings in excess of 200 kg for a pole-sitter spacecraft of 1000 kg upon insertion. To finally obtain a full low-thrust transfer from LEO up to the pole-sitter orbit, the Fregat launch is replaced by a low-thrust, minimum time spiral through an orbital averaging technique, which provides further mass savings, but at the cost of an increased time of flight.

    Item type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    ID code: 33603
    Keywords: trajectory optimization, pole-sitter, low-thrust propulsion, solar electric propulsion, Mechanical engineering and machinery, Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics, Aerospace Engineering, Control and Systems Engineering
    Subjects: Technology > Mechanical engineering and machinery
    Technology > Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
    Department: Faculty of Engineering > Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
    Technology and Innovation Centre > Advanced Engineering and Manufacturing
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    Depositing user: Pure Administrator
    Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2011 13:33
    Last modified: 28 Mar 2014 11:15
    URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/33603

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