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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

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Amidine dications as superelectrophiles

Corr, Michael J and Roydhouse, Mark D and Gibson, Kirsty F and Zhou, Sheng-Ze and Kennedy, Alan R and Murphy, John A (2009) Amidine dications as superelectrophiles. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 131 (49). pp. 17980-17985. ISSN 0002-7863

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Abstract

2-Dimethylalkylammonium pyridinium and 2-dimethylalkylammonium pyrimidinium ditriflate salts are very powerful methylating agents toward phosphorus (triphenylphosphine) and nitrogen (triethylamine) nucleophiles. In competition experiments with triethylamine as nucleophile, these N-methyl disalts are more reactive methylating agents than dimethyl sulfate. Reaction of the pyridinium dications with water as an oxygen nucleophile leads to attack at the 2-position of the heteroaromatic ring and displacement of an ammonium group; 2-hydroxypyridinium compounds are formed in the first instance, which are easily converted to 2-pyridones. Extending the scope of the reactions, a tricationic 2,6-bis(dimethylalkylammonium) pyridinium salt has also been prepared and characterized and its reactivity as a methylating agent assessed in comparison with that of the dications.