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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs.

Strathprints serves world leading Open Access research by the University of Strathclyde, including research by the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS), where research centres such as the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC), the Cancer Research UK Formulation Unit, SeaBioTech and the Centre for Biophotonics are based.

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DHHC palmitoyl transferases : substrate interactions and (patho)physiology

Greaves, Jennifer and Chamberlain, Luke H (2011) DHHC palmitoyl transferases : substrate interactions and (patho)physiology. Trends in Biochemical Sciences, 36 (5). pp. 245-253. ISSN 0968-0004

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Abstract

S-palmitoylation is a reversible post-translational modification that occurs on diverse cellular proteins. Palmitoylation can affect proteins in many different ways, including regulating membrane attachment, intracellular trafficking, and membrane micro-localisation. Intracellular palmitoylation reactions are mediated by a family of recently identified aspartate-histidine-histidine-cysteine (DHHC) palmitoyl transferases. More than 20 DHHC proteins are encoded by mammalian genomes, and there is now a major effort to identify DHHC-substrate pairings and to determine how interaction specificity is encoded. Recent studies have highlighted how DHHC proteins regulate cell function and influence physiology and pathophysiology.