Picture of wind turbine against blue sky

Open Access research with a real impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs.

The Energy Systems Research Unit (ESRU) within Strathclyde's Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering is producing Open Access research that can help society deploy and optimise renewable energy systems, such as wind turbine technology.

Explore wind turbine research in Strathprints

Explore all of Strathclyde's Open Access research content

Endogenous IL-13 plays a crucial role in liver granuloma maturation during Leishmania donovani infection, independent of IL-4R alpha-responsive macrophages and neutrophils

McFarlane, Emma and Carter, Katharine C and McKenzie, Andrew N and Kaye, Paul M and Brombacher, Frank and Alexander, James (2011) Endogenous IL-13 plays a crucial role in liver granuloma maturation during Leishmania donovani infection, independent of IL-4R alpha-responsive macrophages and neutrophils. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 204 (1). pp. 36-43.

Full text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)

Abstract

Previous studies comparing interleukin 4 receptor alpha (IL-4R alpha)(-/-) and interleukin 4 (IL-4)(-/-) BALB/c mice have indicated that interleukin 13 (IL-13), whose receptor shares the IL-4R alpha subunit with IL-4, plays a protective role during visceral leishmaniasis. We demonstrate that IL-13(-/-) BALB/c mice were less able to control hepatic growth of Leishmania donovani compared with wild-type mice. This correlated with significantly retarded granuloma maturation in IL-13(-/-) mice, defective interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) production, and elevated IL-4 and interleukin 10 (IL-10) levels. L. donovani-infected IL-13(-/-) mice also responded poorly to sodium stibogluconate-mediated chemotherapy compared with wild-type BALB/c mice. Because murine lymphocytes do not have IL-13 receptors, we examined the ability of macrophage/neutrophil-specific IL-4R alpha(-/-) mice to control primary infection with L. donovani and to respond to chemotherapy. Macrophage/neutrophil-specific IL-4R alpha(-/-) mice were as resistant to leishmaniasis as wild-type mice, and chemotherapy retained its efficacy. Consequently, in L. donovani infected BALB/c mice, IL-13 promotes hepatic granuloma formation and controls parasite burdens independently of direct effects on macrophages/neutrophils.