Picture of athlete cycling

Open Access research with a real impact on health...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Physical Activity for Health Group based within the School of Psychological Sciences & Health. Research here seeks to better understand how and why physical activity improves health, gain a better understanding of the amount, intensity, and type of physical activity needed for health benefits, and evaluate the effect of interventions to promote physical activity.

Explore open research content by Physical Activity for Health...

Modeling of Knudsen layer effects in micro/nanoscale gas flows

Dongari, Nishanth and Zhang, Yonghao and Reese, Jason (2011) Modeling of Knudsen layer effects in micro/nanoscale gas flows. Journal of Fluids Engineering, 133 (7). ISSN 0098-2202

[img] PDF
Zhang_YH_Reese_JM_Pure_Modeling_of_Knudsen_layer_effects_in_micro_nano_scale_gas_flows_May_2011.pdf - Preprint

Download (1MB)

Abstract

We propose a power-law based effective mean free path (MFP) model so that the Navier-Stokes-Fourier equations can be employed for the transition-regime flows typical of gas micro/nanodevices. The effective MFP model is derived for a system with planar wall confinement by taking into account the boundary limiting effects on the molecular free paths. Our model is validated against molecular dynamics simulation data and compared with other theoretical models. As gas transport properties can be related to the mean free path through kinetic theory, the Navier-Stokes-Fourier constitutive relations are then modified in order to better capture the flow behavior in the Knudsen layers close to surfaces. Our model is applied to fully developed isothermal pressure-driven (Poiseuille) and thermal creep gas flows in microchannels. The results show that our approach greatly improves the near-wall accuracy of the Navier-Stokes-Fourier equations, well beyond the slip-flow regime.