Fukumura, Kumiko and van Gompel, Roger and Harley, Trevor and Pickering, Martin (2011) How does similarity-based interference affect the choice of referring expression? Journal of Memory and Language, 65 (3). pp. 331-344. ISSN 0749-596XFull text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)
We tested a cue-based retrieval model that predicts how similarity between discourse entities influences the speaker’s choice of referring expressions. In Experiment 1, speakers produced fewer pronouns (relative to repeated noun phrases) when the competitor was in the same situation as the referent (both on a horse) rather than in a different situation (only the referent on a horse). The situational congruence had a larger impact when it was relevant to the to-be-described action (getting off a horse) than otherwise (taking off a hat), suggesting that the effect of similarity is modulated by its relevance to other conceptual representations held by the speaker. Experiment 2 found an effect of the competitor’s similarity regardless of whether pronouns were ambiguous or not, suggesting that the effect is independent of ambiguity avoidance and results from speaker-internal production constraints.
|Keywords:||memory , language, similarity based interference, referring expression, Psychology, Artificial Intelligence, Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology, Linguistics and Language, Language and Linguistics, Experimental and Cognitive Psychology|
|Subjects:||Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology|
|Department:||Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (HaSS) > School of Psychological Science and Health > Psychology|
|Depositing user:||Pure Administrator|
|Date Deposited:||13 Jul 2011 08:58|
|Last modified:||20 May 2016 03:25|