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Engineered passive bioreactive barriers: risk-managing the legacy of industrial soil and groundwater pollution

Kalin, R.M. (2004) Engineered passive bioreactive barriers: risk-managing the legacy of industrial soil and groundwater pollution. Current Opinion in Microbiology, 7 (3). pp. 227-238.

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Abstract

Permeable reactive barriers are a technology that is one decade old, with most full-scale applications based on abiotic mechanisms. Though there is extensive literature on engineered bioreactors, natural biodegradation potential, and in situ remediation, it is only recently that engineered passive bioreactive barrier technology is being considered at the commercial scale to manage contaminated soil and groundwater risks. Recent full-scale studies are providing the scientific confidence in our understanding of coupled microbial (and genetic), hydrogeologic, and geochemical processes in this approach and have highlighted the need to further integrate engineering and science tools.