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Structure-activity studies of homologues of short chain neurotoxins from Elapid snake venoms

Harvey, A L and Hider, R C and Hodges, S J and Joubert, F J (1984) Structure-activity studies of homologues of short chain neurotoxins from Elapid snake venoms. British Journal of Pharmacology, 82 (3). pp. 709-716. ISSN 0007-1188

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Abstract

Three neurotoxin homologues (CM10 and CM12 from Naja haje annulifera and S5C10 from Dendroaspis jamesoni kaimosae) and two short neurotoxins (CM14 from Naja haje annulifera and erabutoxin b from Laticauda semifasciata) were examined by circular dichroism (c.d.) and tested for neuromuscular activity on chick biventer cervicis nerve-muscle preparations. All three homologues had acetylcholine receptor blocking activity, as they abolished responses to indirect stimulation, acetylcholine and carbachol but had no effect on responses to direct muscle stimulation. CM10 was only about 5 times less potent than the short neurotoxin CM14; S5C10 and CM12 were respectively 30 and 300 times less active. The block induced by the three homologues, but not by the neurotoxins, was readily reversed by washing. CM10 and CM12 had virtually identical c.d. spectra which were closely similar to those of the neurotoxins. The spectrum of S5C10 indicated changes in the environment of tyrosine-25 and in the position of tryptophan-29. These alterations could distort the 3-dimensional arrangement of the residues postulated to form the receptor binding site. The results with CM10 and CM12 highlight a role for the first loop (residues 6-16) in the binding of neurotoxins to acetylcholine receptors, in addition to the previously postulated reactive site.

Item type: Article
ID code: 31697
Keywords: animals, chickens, circular dichroism, elapid venoms, neuromuscular blocking agents, neuromuscular junction, neurotoxins, structure-activity relationship, Pharmacy and materia medica, Pharmacology
Subjects: Medicine > Pharmacy and materia medica
Department: Faculty of Science > Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences
Related URLs:
    Depositing user: Pure Administrator
    Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2011 09:57
    Last modified: 05 Sep 2014 09:34
    URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/31697

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