Picture of a black hole

Strathclyde Open Access research that creates ripples...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by Strathclyde physicists involved in observing gravitational waves and black hole mergers as part of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) - but also other internationally significant research from the Department of Physics. Discover why Strathclyde's physics research is making ripples...

Strathprints also exposes world leading research from the Faculties of Science, Engineering, Humanities & Social Sciences, and from the Strathclyde Business School.

Discover more...

Block of potassium channels and facilitation of acetylcholine release at the neuromuscular junction by the venom of the scorpion, Pandinus imperator

Marshall, D L and Harvey, A L (1989) Block of potassium channels and facilitation of acetylcholine release at the neuromuscular junction by the venom of the scorpion, Pandinus imperator. Toxicon, 27 (4). pp. 493-498. ISSN 0041-0101

Full text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)

Abstract

Venom from the scorpion Pandinus imperator potently and selectively blocks voltage-gated K+ channels in bullfrog neurones (Pappone, P. A. and Cahalan, M. D. 1987, J. Neurosci. 7, 3300-3305). Its effects on neuromuscular transmission have now been assessed. Twitch tension studies on chick biventer cervicis preparations showed that the venom (1 microgram/ml and above) significantly augmented responses to nerve but not muscle stimulation; there was little change in postjunctional sensitivity to cholinoceptor agonists or K+-induced depolarization. Electrophysiological studies on mouse triangularis sterni preparations revealed that the venom had no effect on spontaneous transmitter release, but increased evoked transmitter release. Extracellular recordings of nerve terminal action potentials showed that the venom selectively reduced the component of the waveform associated with K+ currents. These results confirm that this venom can selectively block neuronal K+ currents, and they show that this can facilitate the release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction.