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Scalable error correction in distributed ion trap computers

Oi, Daniel K. L. and Devitt, Simon J. and Hollenberg, Lloyd C. L. (2006) Scalable error correction in distributed ion trap computers. Physical Review A, 74 (5). 052313. ISSN 1094-1622

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A major challenge for quantum computation in ion trap systems is scalable integration of error correction and fault tolerance. We analyze a distributed architecture with rapid high-fidelity local control within nodes and entangled links between nodes alleviating long-distance transport. We demonstrate fault-tolerant operator measurements which are used for error correction and nonlocal gates. This scheme is readily applied to linear ion traps which cannot be scaled up beyond a few ions per individual trap but which have access to a probabilistic entanglement mechanism. A proof-of-concept system is presented which is within the reach of current experiment.