Picture of wind turbine against blue sky

Open Access research with a real impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs.

The Energy Systems Research Unit (ESRU) within Strathclyde's Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering is producing Open Access research that can help society deploy and optimise renewable energy systems, such as wind turbine technology.

Explore wind turbine research in Strathprints

Explore all of Strathclyde's Open Access research content

Nonlinear lensing mechanisms in a cloud of cold atoms

Labeyrie, G. and Gattobigio, G. L. and Chaneliere, T. and Lippi, G. L. and Ackemann, T. and Kaiser, R. (2007) Nonlinear lensing mechanisms in a cloud of cold atoms. European Physical Journal D: Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics, 41 (2). pp. 337-348. ISSN 1434-6060

[img]
Preview
PDF (Final version)
Labeyrie_EPJD_41_337_2007_selflensingcoldatoms.pdf - Published Version

Download (566kB) | Preview

Abstract

We present an experimental study of nonlinear lensing of near-resonant light by a cloud of laser-cooled rubidium atoms, specifically aimed at understanding the role of the interaction time between the light and the atomic vapor. We identify four different nonlinear mechanisms, each associated with a different time constant: electronic nonlinearity, Zeeman optical pumping, hyperfine optical pumping and radiation pressure. Our observations can be quite accurately reproduced using a simple rate equation model which allows for a straightforward discussion of the various effects. The results are important for planning more refined experiments on transverse nonlinear optics and self-organization in samples of cold atoms.