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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

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Pharmacological characterization of a rat 5-hydroxytryptamine type3 receptor subunit (r5-HT3A(b)) expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes

Mair, I D and Lambert, J J and Yang, J and Dempster, J and Peters, J A (1998) Pharmacological characterization of a rat 5-hydroxytryptamine type3 receptor subunit (r5-HT3A(b)) expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. British Journal of Pharmacology, 124 (8). pp. 1667-74. ISSN 1476-5381

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Abstract

The present study has utilized the two electrode voltage-clamp technique to examine the pharmacological profile of a splice variant of the rat orthologue of the 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3A subunit (5-HT3A(b)) heterologously expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. At negative holding potentials, bath applied 5-HT (300 nM - 10 microM) evoked a transient, concentration-dependent (EC50 = 1.1+/-0.1 microM), inward current. The response reversed in sign at a holding potential of -2.1+/-1.6 mV. The response to 5-HT was mimicked by the 5-HT3 receptor selective agonists 2-methyl-5-HT (EC50= 4.1+/-0.2 microM), 1-phenylbiguanide (EC50=3.0+/-0.1 microM), 3-chlorophenylbiguanide (EC50 = 140+/-10 nM), 3,5-dichlorophenylbiguanide (EC50 = 14.5+/-0.4 nM) and 2,5-dichlorophenylbiguanide (EC50 = 10.2+/-0.6 nM). With the exception of 2-methyl-5-HT, all of the agonists tested elicited maximal current responses comparable to those produced by a saturating concentration (10 microM) of 5-HT. Responses evoked by 5-HT at EC50 were blocked by the 5-HT3 receptor selective antagonist ondansetron (IC50=231+/-22 pM) and by the less selective agents (+)-tubocurarine (IC50=31.9+/-0.01 nM) and cocaine (IC50 = 2.1+/-0.2 microM). The data are discussed in the context of results previously obtained with the human and mouse orthologues of the 5-HT3A subunit. Overall, the study reinforces the conclusion that species differences detected for native 5-HT3 receptors extend to, and appear largely explained by, differences in the properties of homo-oligomeric receptors formed from 5-HT3A subunit orthologues.