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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

The Department also includes the iSchool Research Group, which performs leading research into socio-technical phenomena and topics such as information retrieval and information seeking behaviour.

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Can teacher instructions be improved to enhance task completion by primary school children?

Boyle, C. and Lauchlan, Fraser (2010) Can teacher instructions be improved to enhance task completion by primary school children? Support for Learning, 25 (2). pp. 70-73. ISSN 0268-2141

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Abstract

This article considers the role of verbal and written instructions in influencing students' successful completion of a task. Two classes of children in a primary school were asked to complete a set of tasks from an instruction sheet. In addition, however, one of the classes was given a verbal instruction by the class teacher to read all of the instructions prior to attempting the task. The findings indicated that there was a significant difference between the two groups. The class that received the additional verbal instruction demonstrated a significant increase in the number of children who were able to complete the tasks correctly when compared to the written instruction only group. In conclusion, the research demonstrated that written instruction only by teachers can lead to a vastly reduced amount of accurate responses to a specified task.