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Volumetric intensity dependence on the formation of molecular and atomic ions within a high intensity laser focus

Robson, Lynne and Ledingham, Kenneth W.D. and McKenna, Paul and McCanny, Thomas and Shimizu, Seiji and Yang, Jiamin M. and Wahlström, Claes-Göran and Lopez-Martens, Rodrigo and Varju, Katalin and Johnsson, Per and Mauritsson, Johan (2005) Volumetric intensity dependence on the formation of molecular and atomic ions within a high intensity laser focus. Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 16 (1). pp. 82-89. ISSN 1044-0305

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Abstract

The mechanism of atomic and molecular ionization in intense, ultra-short laser fields is a subject which continues to receive considerable attention. An inherent difficulty with techniques involving the tight focus of a laser beam is the continuous distribution of intensities contained within the focus, which can vary over several orders of magnitude. The present study adopts time of flight mass spectrometry coupled with a high intensity (8 × 1015 Wcm−2), ultra-short (20 fs) pulse laser in order to investigate the ionization and dissociation of the aromatic molecule benzene-d1 (C6H5D) as a function of intensity within a focused laser beam, by scanning the laser focus in the direction of propagation, while detecting ions produced only in a "thin" slice (400 and 800 μm) of the focus. The resultant TOF mass spectra varies significantly, highlighting the dependence on the range of specific intensities accessed and their volumetric weightings on the ionization/dissociation pathways accessed.