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X-ray free-electron lasers

McNeil, Brian W J and Thompson, Neil R (2010) X-ray free-electron lasers. Nature Photonics, 4 (12). pp. 814-821. ISSN 1749-4885

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Abstract

With intensities 10(8)-10(10) times greater than other laboratory sources, X-ray free-electron lasers are currently opening up new frontiers across many areas of science. In this Review we describe how these unconventional lasers work, discuss the range of new sources being developed worldwide, and consider how such X-ray sources may develop over the coming years.