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Arbuthnott, Robert, first viscount of Arbuthnott (c.1618–1655)

Young, John (2004) Arbuthnott, Robert, first viscount of Arbuthnott (c.1618–1655). In: Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press.

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Arbuthnott, Robert, first viscount of Arbuthnott (c.1618–1655), politician, was the eldest of seven children of Sir Robert Arbuthnott (d. 1633) of Arbuthnott in Kincardineshire and his second wife, Margaret, daughter of Simon Fraser, Lord Lovat. He succeeded his father following his death on 15 March 1633, but as he was still under age, his affairs were initially administered by his uncle James Arbuthnott of Dulladies who, along with Robert Arbuthnott of Findowrie and James Burnett of Craigmyle, had been appointed tutors by his father's will. Identified as a covenanter in 1638, he would became one of the leading figures in the movement in the north-east of Scotland. At some time before 1639 he married his first wife, Lady Marjorie (d. 1651), daughter of David Carnegie, first earl of Southesk, and widow of William Halyburton of Pitcur; they had two children, Robert and Margaret. At the age of about twenty-three he was created viscount of Arbuthnott and lord of Bervie (or Inverbervie) by patent dated 17 November 1641 at the palace of Holyroodhouse. He was a ruling elder in the 1641 general assembly and in 1645 and 1649 was one of the ruling elders appointed to the commission for public affairs of the kirk.