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Tilt-induced ferromagnetic ordering in anisotropic molecular monolayers

Osipov, Mikhail and J.-L., Gallani and Guillon, D. (2006) Tilt-induced ferromagnetic ordering in anisotropic molecular monolayers. European Physical Journal E, 19. pp. 213-221.

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It is shown that orientational ordering of anisotropic organic molecules with permanent magnetic dipoles in a tilted film should result in a macroscopic magnetisation in the plane of the film. The important requirement here is that the molecules are strongly biaxial, and the corresponding biaxial orientational order parameter in the tilted phase is sufficiently large. The molecules should also be characterised by a reduced symmetry of the magnetic core compared with existing “single molecular magnets”. Possible symmetry groups of the molecular magnetic core, which allow for the existence of nonzero average magnetic moment, are discussed in detail. The tilt-induced ferromagnetic ordering of such molecules may be determined by nonmagnetic intermolecular interactions including, for example, quadrupole-quadrupole electrostatic interaction or dispersion interaction between molecules of particular symmetry. Magnetic intermolecular interactions are not important here, and as a result the induced ferromagnetic state may be stable in any temperature range where the corresponding tilted film is stable. These general conclusions, which form a theoretical foundation for the existence of novel fluid low-dimensional magnetic materials,are based on symmetry arguments and are supported by a simple mean-field molecular model. We also discuss how such induced ferromagnetic ordering may be observed in Langmuir-Blodgett films which seemto be the best candidates for preparing these magnetic materials.