Robb, G.R.M. and Piovella, N. and Ferraro, A. and Bonifacio, R. and Courteille, P.W. and Zimmermann, C. (2004) Collective atomic recoil lasing including friction and diffusion effects. Physical Review A, 69 (4). 041403-1. ISSN 1050-2947
We extend the collective atomic recoil lasing (CARL) model including the effects of friction and diffusion forces acting on the atoms due to the presence of optical molasses fields. The results from this model are consistent with those from a recent experiment by Kruse et al. [ Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 183601 (2003) ]. In particular, we obtain a threshold condition above which collective backscattering occurs. Using a nonlinear analysis we show that the backscattered field and the bunching evolve to a steady state, in contrast to the nonstationary behavior of the standard CARL model. For a proper choice of the parameters, this steady state can be superfluorescent.
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