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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including those from the School of Psychological Sciences & Health - but also papers by researchers based within the Faculties of Science, Engineering, Humanities & Social Sciences, and from the Strathclyde Business School.

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Experimental demonstration of optimal unambiguous state discrimination

Clarke, Roger B.M. and Chefles, Anthony and Barnett, Stephen M. and Riis, Erling (2001) Experimental demonstration of optimal unambiguous state discrimination. Physical Review A, 63 (4). 040305-1-040305-4. ISSN 1094-1622

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Abstract

We present a full demonstration of unambiguous state discrimination between nonorthogonal quantum states. Using a free-space interferometer we have realized the optimum quantum measurement scheme for two nonorthogonal states of light, known as the Ivanovic-Dieks-Peres (IDP) measurement. We have gained access to all three possible outcomes of this measurement. All aspects of this generalized measurement scheme, including its superiority over a standard von Neumann measurement, have been demonstrated within 1.5% of the IDP predictions.