Clarke, Roger B.M. and Chefles, Anthony and Barnett, Stephen M. and Riis, Erling (2001) Experimental demonstration of optimal unambiguous state discrimination. Physical Review A, 63 (4). 040305-1-040305-4. ISSN 1050-2947
We present a full demonstration of unambiguous state discrimination between nonorthogonal quantum states. Using a free-space interferometer we have realized the optimum quantum measurement scheme for two nonorthogonal states of light, known as the Ivanovic-Dieks-Peres (IDP) measurement. We have gained access to all three possible outcomes of this measurement. All aspects of this generalized measurement scheme, including its superiority over a standard von Neumann measurement, have been demonstrated within 1.5% of the IDP predictions.
Actions (login required)