Gray, Alison and Greenhalgh, David and Hu, L. and Mao, Xuerong and Pan, Jiafeng (2011) A stochastic differential equation SIS epidemic model. SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, 71 (3). pp. 876-902.
SDE_SIS_SIAP_Revision.pdf - Preprint
In this paper we extend the classical susceptible-infected-susceptible epidemic model from a deterministic framework to a stochastic one and formulate it as a stochastic differential equation (SDE) for the number of infectious individuals $I(t)$. We then prove that this SDE has a unique global positive solution $I(t)$ and establish conditions for extinction and persistence of $I(t)$. We discuss perturbation by stochastic noise. In the case of persistence we show the existence of a stationary distribution and derive expressions for its mean and variance. The results are illustrated by computer simulations, including two examples based on real-life diseases.
|Notes:||Changed last author|
|Keywords:||susceptible-infected-susceptible model, pneumococcus , gonorrhea, stationary distribution, basic reproduction number, persistence, extinction, stochastic differential equations, Brownian motion, Probabilities. Mathematical statistics, Applied Mathematics|
|Subjects:||Science > Mathematics > Probabilities. Mathematical statistics|
|Department:||Faculty of Science > Mathematics and Statistics|
|Depositing user:||Pure Administrator|
|Date Deposited:||11 Aug 2011 13:57|
|Last modified:||17 Feb 2017 14:11|