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Open Access research with a real impact on health...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Physical Activity for Health Group based within the School of Psychological Sciences & Health. Research here seeks to better understand how and why physical activity improves health, gain a better understanding of the amount, intensity, and type of physical activity needed for health benefits, and evaluate the effect of interventions to promote physical activity.

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Curvedness study on atherosclerosis plaques and its implications to plaque stress

Gao, Hao and Long, Quan and Graves, Martin and Li, Zhiyong and Gillard, Jonathan (2010) Curvedness study on atherosclerosis plaques and its implications to plaque stress. In: IFMBE Proceedings. IFMBE Proceedings Series, 31 (6). Springer, pp. 1507-1510.

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Abstract

Atherosclerosis plaque rupture has been considered to be a mechanical failure of the thin fibrous cap, resulted from extreme plaque stress. Plaque stress was affected by many factors from morphological features to biological abnormalities. In this study, geometrical factors (curvedness, fibrous cap thickness) were studied on assessing plaque vulnerability in comparison with stress analysis results obtained by fluid structure interaction from 20 human carotid atherosclerosis plaques. The results show that plaque surface curvedness could contribute to extreme stress level, especially in plaque shoulder region. General plaque stress distribution could be predicted by fibrous cap thickness and curvedness with multi-regression model. With more features included in the regression model, plaque stress could be easily calculated and used to assess plaque vulnerability.