Picture of two heads

Open Access research that challenges the mind...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including those from the School of Psychological Sciences & Health - but also papers by researchers based within the Faculties of Science, Engineering, Humanities & Social Sciences, and from the Strathclyde Business School.

Discover more...

Stochastic ordinary differential equations in applied and computational mathematics

Higham, Desmond (2011) Stochastic ordinary differential equations in applied and computational mathematics. IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics, 76 (3). pp. 449-474. ISSN 0272-4960

7techima.pdf - Preprint

Download (1MB) | Preview


Using concrete examples, we discuss the current and potential use of stochastic ordinary differential equations (SDEs) from the perspective of applied and computational mathematics. Assuming only a minimal background knowledge in probability and stochastic processes, we focus on aspects that distinguish SDEs from their deterministic counterparts. To illustrate a multiscale modelling framework, we explain how SDEs arise naturally as diffusion limits in the type of discrete-valued stochastic models used in chemical kinetics, population dynamics, and, most topically, systems biology. We outline some key issues in existence, uniqueness and stability that arise when SDEs are used as physical models, and point out possible pitfalls. We also discuss the use of numerical methods to simulate trajectories of an SDE and explain how both weak and strong convergence properties are relevant for highly-efficient multilevel Monte Carlo simulations. We flag up what we believe to be key topics for future research, focussing especially on nonlinear models, parameter estimation, model comparison and multiscale simulation.