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Diffraction-limited focusing of Bose-Einstein condensates

Arnold, A.S. and MacCormick, C. and Boshier, M.G. (2004) Diffraction-limited focusing of Bose-Einstein condensates. Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 37 (2). pp. 485-494. ISSN 0953-4075

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Abstract

Adjustable magnetic reflection and focusing of an 87Rb Bose-Einstein condensate was achieved using a particularly smooth mirror and a very straightforward apparatus. In this paper, we discuss a simple Thomas-Fermi model and a Monte Carlo method for analysing the bouncing. Both models are in close agreement with the observed condensate evolution. Additionally, the theory predicts very tight condensate focusing, and atomic matter-wave diffraction should be observable. The effect of mirror anharmonicities on the condensate focusing is investigated.