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Properties of feedback solitons in a single-mirror experiment

Schapers, B. and Ackemann, T. and Lange, W. (2003) Properties of feedback solitons in a single-mirror experiment. IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 39 (2). pp. 227-237. ISSN 0018-9197

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We report on the observation of localized states (LSs) in a single-mirror feedback system using sodium vapor as the nonlinear medium. By combining experimental results with simulations based on a microscopic model and with results of a linear stability analysis of the homogeneous state, we discuss the properties of the LSs, the mechanism of their formation, their domain of existence in parameter space, their interaction with the amplitude and phase gradient in the Gaussian beam of the driving laser, and the formation of 'molecules' and 'clusters' of LSs. We elucidate the dominant role of diffraction in the interaction of the LSs and discuss relations between the clusters of LSs and extended patterns.