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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Physical Activity for Health Group based within the School of Psychological Sciences & Health. Research here seeks to better understand how and why physical activity improves health, gain a better understanding of the amount, intensity, and type of physical activity needed for health benefits, and evaluate the effect of interventions to promote physical activity.

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Decontamination of collagen biomatrices with combined pulsed electric field and nisin treatment

Griffiths, Sarah and Maclean, Michelle and MacGregor, Scott J. and Anderson, John G. and Grant, M. Helen (2011) Decontamination of collagen biomatrices with combined pulsed electric field and nisin treatment. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, 96B (2). pp. 287-293.

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Abstract

Pulsed electric field (PEF) treatment has been proposed as a decontamination method for labile matrices used in tissue engineering applications. Through the application of PEF, a non-thermal treatment that causes bacterial inactivation through the irreversible rupture of microbial cell membranes, inactivation is achieved without loss of scaffold structure and function. However, some microorganisms are less susceptible to PEF treatment. This study shows that treatment with PEF and nisin, a food preservative bacteriocin, has a synergistic effect on the inactivation of Staphylococcus epidermidis in collagen gels. Almost complete inactivation of a 103–104 CFU/mL S. epidermidis population was achieved when treated with a combination of PEF and 500 IU/mL nisin, with results demonstrating a 3.4 log10 reduction, compared with 0.66 log10 reduction with PEF alone. Nisin, at concentrations up to 3000 IU/mL, had no discernable toxicity to mammalian 3T3 cells when added to the culture medium or incorporated into the collagen gels. This combined decontamination method, involving PEF plus nisin, may provide a non-destructive process for inactivation of PEF-resistant bacteria in labile tissue engineering scaffolds.