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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

The Department also includes the iSchool Research Group, which performs leading research into socio-technical phenomena and topics such as information retrieval and information seeking behaviour.

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Air pollution, economic activity and respiratory illness : evidence from Canadian cities, 1974-1994

Koop, Gary and McKitrick, Ross and Tole, Lise (2010) Air pollution, economic activity and respiratory illness : evidence from Canadian cities, 1974-1994. Environmental Modelling and Software, 25 (7). pp. 873-885. ISSN 1364-8152

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Abstract

Many studies have reported a relationship between urban air pollution levels and respiratory health problems. However, there are notable variations in results, depending on modeling approach, covariate selection, period of analysis, etc. To help clarify these factors we compare and apply two estimation approaches: model selection and Bayesian model averaging, to a new data base on 11 large Canadian cities spanning 1974 to 1994. Our data allow us to compare monthly hospital admission rates for all lung diagnostic categories to ambient levels of five common air contaminants, while controlling for income, smoking and meteorological covariates. Only in restricted models on the later sample are we able to replicate a link between hospital admissions and pollution. In the most general specifications we find the health effects of air pollution are insignificant, and those that are significant run opposite to conventional expectations. Income effects are robust across specifications, suggesting that a simultaneous reduction in income and pollution could have a negative net effect on lung-related health.