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High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array

McKendry, Jonathan J. D. and Green, Richard P. and Kelly, A. E. and Gong, Zheng and Guilhabert, Benoit and Massoubre, David and Gu, Erdan and Dawson, Martin D. (2010) High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, 22 (18). pp. 1346-1348. ISSN 1041-1135

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Abstract

The high-frequency modulation of individual pixels in III-nitride-based micro-pixel light-emitting diode arrays, where each array consists of 16 × 16 individually addressable 72-μm-diameter pixels, are reported. The devices investigated have peak emission wavelengths at 370, 405, and 450 nm, respectively. The optical -3-dB modulation bandwidth of a typical pixel from the 450-nm-emitting device was found to be approximately 245 MHz. Data transmission at rates of up to 1 Gb/s is demonstrated from a single pixel emitting at 450 nm, using on-off keying nonreturn-to-zero modulation, with a bit-error ratio of less than 1 × 10-10. Such devices have potential for free-space or fiber-coupled visible light communications.