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Child protection and the needs and rights of disabled children and young people: A scoping study

Stalker, Kirsten and Green Lister, Pam and Lerpiniere, Jennifer and McArthur, Katherine (2010) Child protection and the needs and rights of disabled children and young people: A scoping study. [Report]

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Abstract

Child abuse, as defined by the NSPCC, refers to ''behaviour that causes significant harm to a child. It also includes when someone knowingly fails to prevent serious harm to a child' (see http://www.child-to-child.org/about/childprotection.htm). The four types of abuse included in this study are physical, emotional, sexual abuse and neglect. The World Health Organisation treats maltreatment, a word used in the US, as synonymous with abuse. Child protection, as defined by the voluntary agency Child-to-Child, is 'a broad term to describe philosophies, policies, standards, guidelines and procedures to protect children from both intentional and unintentional harm' (see http://www.child-tochild. org/about/childprotection.htm). This term is still used in Scotland and N Ireland and is the one we use most in this report. England and Wales use the term safeguarding, which perhaps implies the inclusion of early intervention and preventative practice. Finally, in referring to disabled children we include young people aged 0-18 with physical, sensory, learning or communication impairments or mental distress. This was a scoping study which aimed to lay the groundwork for a larger piece of research.