Picture of two heads

Open Access research that challenges the mind...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including those from the School of Psychological Sciences & Health - but also papers by researchers based within the Faculties of Science, Engineering, Humanities & Social Sciences, and from the Strathclyde Business School.

Discover more...

Optical Kerr-effect study of trans- and cis-1,2-dichloroethene: liquid-liquid transition or super-Arrhenius relaxation

Turton, D.A. and Wynne, K. and Martin, D.F. (2010) Optical Kerr-effect study of trans- and cis-1,2-dichloroethene: liquid-liquid transition or super-Arrhenius relaxation. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 12. pp. 4191-4200. ISSN 1463-9076

[img] PDF (Strathprints24846.pdf)
Strathprints24846.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy from the Strathclyde author

Abstract

The evidence that a molecular liquid in its thermodynamically-stable state can undergo a liquid-liquid transition (LLT) is still uncertain. Therefore, trans-1,2-dichloroethene is of interest due to reports of a LLT above the melting point [S. Kawanishi, T. Sasuga and M. Takehisa, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn., 1982, 51, 1579-1583; S. Rzoska, J. Ziolo, A. Drozd-Rzoska, J. L. Tamarit and N. Veglio, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter, 2008, 20, 244124; K. Merkel, A. Kocot, R. Wrzalik and J. Ziolo, J. Chem. Phys., 2008, 129, 074503-074508]. Ultrafast optical Kerr-effect (OKE) spectroscopy enables accurate measurement of the low-frequency modes arising from interactions in liquids and therefore should be sensitive to the change in liquid structure inherent in such a transition. In the OKE data presented here, no sharp transitions are discernible, nor are there any in calorimetry data. However, the same data do reveal that neither trans- nor cis-1,2-dichloroethene is a simple liquid: in each case, a non-Arrhenius temperature dependence (with a Debye lineshape) is observed for the α relaxation. This dependence can be fitted by the Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann (VFT) law over the measurable temperature range suggesting that at low temperature, cooperative relaxation, due to the formation of clusters or structure, is present. Accurate analysis of the OKE spectrum in the terahertz region is generally limited by approximations inherent in the models. Here the diffusional modes are convoluted with librational modes to give a more physically meaningful approximation to the inertial response.