Picture of person typing on laptop with programming code visible on the laptop screen

World class computing and information science research at Strathclyde...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

The Department also includes the iSchool Research Group, which performs leading research into socio-technical phenomena and topics such as information retrieval and information seeking behaviour.

Explore

Co-operation and co-authorship : automatic writing, socialism and gender in late Victorian and Edwardian Birmingham

Edwards, Sarah (2008) Co-operation and co-authorship : automatic writing, socialism and gender in late Victorian and Edwardian Birmingham. Women's Writing, 15 (3). pp. 371-389. ISSN 0969-9082

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author

Abstract

This article investigates the relationships between socialism, spiritualism and gender in late Victorian and Edwardian Birmingham. It does so by focusing on the automatic writings, poetry and essays of the Holden family, who were both prominent members of Birmingham Labour Church and committed spiritualists. It considers how these texts' usages of the concept of 'co-operation', which was central to both movements, indicate contemporary ideas about women's appropriate roles in the public and private family of the socialist revolution. Furthermore, the author argues that the family's involvement in the city's industrial endeavours (in the family paint firm) and artistic pursuits (through the municipal art school, influenced by William Morris) led to re-imaginings of woman's creative powers. In the narrative of the 'messages from the unseen'-'inspired' and written by mother and daughters, framed and edited by the father-debates about the role of marriage, servants, female political activity and poetic inspiration become the subjects of a unique form of female collaborative literary production. This activity both broadens and problematizes accounts of women's status in the socialist and spiritualist movements of the period.