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Strathprints serves world leading Open Access research by the University of Strathclyde, including research by the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS), where research centres such as the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC), the Cancer Research UK Formulation Unit, SeaBioTech and the Centre for Biophotonics are based.

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There's NO stopping NsrR, a global regulator of the bacterial NO stress response

Tucker, N.P. and Le Brun, N.E. and Dixon, R. and Hutchings, M.I. (2009) There's NO stopping NsrR, a global regulator of the bacterial NO stress response. Trends in Microbiology, 18 (4). pp. 149-159. ISSN 0966-842X

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Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) is a toxic, free radical gas with diverse biological roles in eukaryotes and bacteria, being involved in signalling, vasodilation, blood clotting and immunity and as an intermediate in microbial denitrification. Several bacterial transcriptional regulators sense this molecule and regulate the expression of genes involved in both NO detoxification and NO damage repair. However, a recently discovered NO sensing repressor, named NsrR, has gained attention because of its suggested role as a global regulator of the bacterial NO stress response. Recent advances in biochemical and transcriptomic studies of NsrR make it timely to review the current evidence for NsrR as a global regulator and to speculate on the recent controversy over its NO sensing mechanism.