Picture of a black hole

Strathclyde Open Access research that creates ripples...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by Strathclyde physicists involved in observing gravitational waves and black hole mergers as part of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) - but also other internationally significant research from the Department of Physics. Discover why Strathclyde's physics research is making ripples...

Strathprints also exposes world leading research from the Faculties of Science, Engineering, Humanities & Social Sciences, and from the Strathclyde Business School.

Discover more...

Operational stability of subtilisin CLECs in organic solvents in repeated batch and in continuous operation

Fernandes, J.F.A. and McAlpine, M. and Halling, P.J. (2005) Operational stability of subtilisin CLECs in organic solvents in repeated batch and in continuous operation. Biochemical Engineering Journal, 24 (1). pp. 11-15. ISSN 1369-703X

Full text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)


The operational stability of cross-linked crystals (CLECs) of subtilisin Carlsberg in organic media is compared between repeated batch and continuous flow operation. The study was designed to create similar conditions in the two modes, although these can never be identical in all respects. The biocatalyst inactivates rapidly during the first two batches of 2 h each, losing 50% or more of its activity. The inactivation becomes slower over the following longer batches of 24 h. This pattern of rapid and slower phases of inactivation is similar to that observed in continuous reactors. However, in both acetonitrile and tetrahydrofuran, inactivation is somewhat faster over the first 4h of continuous operation than in the equivalent batch mode.