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Do tasks make a difference? Accounting for heterogeneity of performance of children with reading difficulties on tasks of executive function : findings from a meta-analysis

Booth, Josephine N. and Boyle, James and Kelly, Steve (2010) Do tasks make a difference? Accounting for heterogeneity of performance of children with reading difficulties on tasks of executive function : findings from a meta-analysis. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 28 (1). pp. 133-176. ISSN 0261-510X

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    Abstract

    Research studies have implicated executive functions in reading difficulties (RD). But while some studies have found children with RD to be impaired on tasks of executive function other studies report unimpaired performance. A meta-analysis was carried out to determine whether these discrepant findings can be accounted for by differences in the tasks of executive function that are utilized. A total of 48 studies comparing the performance on tasks of executive function of children with RD with their typically developing peers were included in the meta-analysis, yielding 180 effect sizes. An overall effect size of 0.57 (SE .03) was obtained, indicating that children with RD have impairments on tasks of executive function. However, effect sizes varied considerably suggesting that the impairment is not uniform. Moderator analysis revealed that task modality and IQ-achievement discrepancy definitions of RD influenced the magnitude of effect; however, the age and gender of participants and the nature of the RD did not have an influence. While the children's RD were associated with executive function impairments, variation in effect size is a product of the assessment task employed, underlying task demands, and definitional criteria.

    Item type: Article
    ID code: 25714
    Keywords: deficit hyperactivity disorder, learning disabled readers, working memory deficits, less skilled readers, attention deficit, poor comprehenders, selective metaanalysis, language comprehension, sustained attention, Psychology, Developmental Neuroscience, Developmental and Educational Psychology
    Subjects: Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology
    Department: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (HaSS) > School of Psychological Science and Health > Psychology
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      Depositing user: Miss Lisa McWhinnie
      Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2010 13:19
      Last modified: 12 Apr 2014 00:13
      URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/25714

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