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Perceptions and correlates of peer-victimization and bullying

Hunter, Simon C. and Boyle, James and Warden, David (2007) Perceptions and correlates of peer-victimization and bullying. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 77 (4). pp. 797-810. ISSN 0007-0998

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Abstract

The experiences of peer-victimization and bullying are often treated empirically as though they are conceptually indistinct. Both involve repeated aggression, but definitions of bullying additionally emphasize the importance of aggressor intent and imbalance of power between the aggressor and the victim (Olweus, 1978; Whitney & Smith, 1993). The present study aimed to examine the extent to which peer-victimization and bullying are empirically similar.The sample comprised 1,429 pupils (50.2% male) aged between 8 and 13 years attending mainstream Scottish schools. Self-report questionnaire assessing peer-victimization and bullying, coping strategy use (WCCL: Hunter, 2000), situational appraisal and depressive symptomatology (Birleson, 1981). Almost one-third (30.7%) of pupils reported experiencing peer-victimization, and of these 38.1% (11.7% of whole sample) were categorized as victims of bullying. Victims of bullying perceived higher levels of threat and lower levels of perceived control. They also reported using more Wishful Thinking and Social Support coping strategies, but did not differ on Problem Focused coping. Bullied pupils also reported higher levels of depressive symptomatology. Peer-victimization and bullying appear to be qualitatively different experiences for children and adolescents, with bullying being the more serious phenomenon.

Item type: Article
ID code: 25688
Keywords: bullying, psychology, victimization, Psychology, Education, Developmental and Educational Psychology
Subjects: Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology
Department: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > Psychology
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (HaSS) > School of Psychological Science and Health > Psychology
Depositing user: Miss Lisa McWhinnie
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2010 09:42
Last modified: 27 Mar 2015 15:43
URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/25688

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