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Predicting deliberate self-harm in adolescents: A six month prospective study

O'Connor, R.C. and Rasmussen, Susan and Hawton, Keith (2009) Predicting deliberate self-harm in adolescents: A six month prospective study. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 39 (4). pp. 364-375. ISSN 0363-0234

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Abstract

Few studies have investigated the extent to which psychosocial/psychological factors are associated with the prediction of deliberate self-harm (DSH) among adolescents. In this study, 737 pupils aged 15-16 years completed a lifestyle and coping survey at time one and 500 were followed up six months later. Six point two percent of the respondents (n = 31) reported an act of DSH between Time 1 and Time 2. In multivariate analyses, worries about sexual orientation, history of sexual abuse, family DSH, anxiety, and self-esteem were associated with repeat DSH during the course of the study, but history of sexual abuse was the only factor predictive of first-time DSH. The findings suggest that school-based programs focused on how young people cope with psychosocial stressors may offer promise.