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New roads and human health: a systematic review

Egan, M. and Petticrew, M. and Ogilvie, D. and Hamilton, V. (2003) New roads and human health: a systematic review. American Journal of Public Health, 93 (9). pp. 1463-1471. ISSN 0090-0036

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Abstract

We sought to synthesize evidence of the health effects of construction of new roads by systematically reviewing observational studies of such effects. We included and critically appraised 32 studies. The review suggested that out-of-town bypasses decrease injuries on main roads through or around towns, although more robust evidence is needed on effects on secondary roads. New major urban roads have statistically insignificant effects on injury incidence. New major roads between towns decrease injuries. Out-of-town bypasses reduce disturbance and community severance in towns but increase them elsewhere. Major urban roads increase disturbance and severance. More robust research is needed in this area, particularly regarding effects of new roads on respiratory health, mental health, access to health services, and physical activity.

Item type: Article
ID code: 2375
Keywords: health, urban roads, accidents, respiratory health, mental health, health services, physical activity, systematic review, Medicine (General), Electronic computers. Computer science, Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Subjects: Medicine > Medicine (General)
Science > Mathematics > Electronic computers. Computer science
Department: Unknown Department
Related URLs:
    Depositing user: Strathprints Administrator
    Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2007
    Last modified: 04 Sep 2014 11:33
    URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/2375

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