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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

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An analysis of smoothing effects of upwinding strategies for the convection-diffusion equation

Elman, H.C. and Ramage, A. (2002) An analysis of smoothing effects of upwinding strategies for the convection-diffusion equation. SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis, 40 (1). pp. 254-281. ISSN 0036-1429

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Abstract

Using a technique for constructing analytic expressions for discrete solutions to the convection-diffusion equation, we examine and characterize the effects of upwinding strategies on solution quality. In particular, for grid-aligned flow and discretization based on bilinear finite elements with streamline upwinding, we show precisely how the amount of upwinding included in the discrete operator affects solution oscillations and accuracy when different types of boundary layers are present. This analysis provides a basis for choosing a streamline upwinding parameter which also gives accurate solutions for problems with non-grid-aligned and variable speed flows. In addition, we show that the same analytic techniques provide insight into other discretizations, such as a finite difference method that incorporates streamline diffusion and the isotropic artificial diffusion method.