Picture of person typing on laptop with programming code visible on the laptop screen

World class computing and information science research at Strathclyde...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

The Department also includes the iSchool Research Group, which performs leading research into socio-technical phenomena and topics such as information retrieval and information seeking behaviour.


Parallel defect control

Enright, W.H. and Higham, D.J. (1991) Parallel defect control. BIT Numerical Mathematics, 31 (4). pp. 647-663. ISSN 0006-3835

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author


How can small-scale parallelism best be exploited in the solution of nonstiff initial value problems? It is generally accepted that only modest gains inefficiency are possible, and it is often the case that ldquofastrdquo parallel algorithms have quite crude error control and stepsize selection components. In this paper we consider the possibility of using parallelism to improvereliability andfunctionality rather than efficiency. We present an algorithm that can be used with any explicit Runge-Kutta formula. The basic idea is to take several smaller substeps in parallel with the main step. The substeps provide an interpolation facility that is essentially free, and the error control strategy can then be based on a defect (residual) sample. If the number of processors exceeds (p - 1)/2, wherep is the order of the Runge-Kutta formula, then the interpolant and the error control scheme satisfy very strong reliability conditions. Further, for a given orderp, the asymptotically optimal values for the substep lengths are independent of the problem and formula and hence can be computed a priori. Theoretical comparisons between the parallel algorithm and optimal sequential algorithms at various orders are given. We also report on numerical tests of the reliability and efficiency of the new algorithm, and give some parallel timing statistics from a 4-processor machine.