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Simulating the evacuation of a commercial airliner

Robbins, C.R. and McKee, S. (2001) Simulating the evacuation of a commercial airliner. Aeronautical Journal, 105 (1048). pp. 323-328. ISSN 0001-9240

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The discrete element method is modified so as to simulate the movement of passengers evacuating an aircraft. The results display reasonable agreement with timed trials. However, by focusing on the 1985 Manchester air disaster where only some of the exits could be opened and only then a considerable time after landing, it is argued that the certification procedures are inadequate.