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Psychological traffic calming

Kennedy, Janet V. and Gorell, R. and Crinson, L. and Wheeler, A. and Elliott, M.A. and , Department for Transport (Funder) (2005) Psychological traffic calming. [Report]

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Abstract

Excessive and inappropriate speeds are a major concern for road safety. Such speeds have an adverse effect on the number and severity of road traffic accidents and significantly reduce the quality of life in many urban and rural areas. Physical traffic calming measures - road humps and chicanes, for example - can generate substantial reductions in vehicle speeds and accidents, but can be unpopular. On behalf of the Department for Transport, TRL has developed and tested alternative traffic calming techniques that make greater use of psychological (non-physical) measures, but are intended to still have a significant speed-reducing capability. Psychological theories that provide insight into how specific road design measures might reduce driving speeds are reviewed. Ideas for traffic calming based on these principles are illustrated using photomontage and evaluated by means of focus groups, a questionnaire survey, on the TRL Driving Simulator and finally in on-road trials.

Item type: Report
ID code: 20271
Keywords: traffic calming, psychology, transport, road traffic accidents, Transportation and Communications, Psychology
Subjects: Social Sciences > Transportation and Communications
Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology
Department: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (HaSS) > School of Psychological Science and Health > Psychology
Related URLs:
Depositing user: Dr Mark Elliott
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2010 15:26
Last modified: 12 Mar 2012 11:14
URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/20271

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