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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

The Department also includes the iSchool Research Group, which performs leading research into socio-technical phenomena and topics such as information retrieval and information seeking behaviour.

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Psychological traffic calming

Department for Transport (Funder) (2005) Psychological traffic calming. [Report]

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author

Abstract

Excessive and inappropriate speeds are a major concern for road safety. Such speeds have an adverse effect on the number and severity of road traffic accidents and significantly reduce the quality of life in many urban and rural areas. Physical traffic calming measures - road humps and chicanes, for example - can generate substantial reductions in vehicle speeds and accidents, but can be unpopular. On behalf of the Department for Transport, TRL has developed and tested alternative traffic calming techniques that make greater use of psychological (non-physical) measures, but are intended to still have a significant speed-reducing capability. Psychological theories that provide insight into how specific road design measures might reduce driving speeds are reviewed. Ideas for traffic calming based on these principles are illustrated using photomontage and evaluated by means of focus groups, a questionnaire survey, on the TRL Driving Simulator and finally in on-road trials.