Picture of athlete cycling

Open Access research with a real impact on health...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Physical Activity for Health Group based within the School of Psychological Sciences & Health. Research here seeks to better understand how and why physical activity improves health, gain a better understanding of the amount, intensity, and type of physical activity needed for health benefits, and evaluate the effect of interventions to promote physical activity.

Explore open research content by Physical Activity for Health...

Type D personality mechanisms of effect: the role of health-related behaviour and social support

Williams, Lynn and O'Connor, R.C. and Howard, S. and Hughes, B. and Johnston, D. and Hay, J.L. and O'Connor, D.B. and Lewis, C.A. and Ferguson, E. and Sheehy, N.P. and Grealy, Madeleine and O'Carroll, R.E. (2008) Type D personality mechanisms of effect: the role of health-related behaviour and social support. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 64 (1). pp. 63-69. ISSN 0022-3999

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author

Abstract

To (a) investigate the prevalence of type-D personality (the conjoint effects of negative affectivity and social inhibition) in a healthy British and Irish population; (b) to test the influence of type-D on health-related behavior, and (c)to determine if these relationships are explained by neuroticism. A cross-sectional design was employed; 1012 healthy young adults (225 males, 787 females, mean age 20.5 years) from the United Kingdom and Ireland completed measures of type-D personality, health behaviors, social support, and neuroticism. The prevalence of type-D was found to be 38.5%, significantly higher than that reported in other European countries. In addition, type-D individuals reported performing significantly fewer health-related behaviors and lower levels of social support than non-type-D individuals. These relationships remained significant after controlling for neuroticism. These findings provide new evidence on type-D and suggest a role for health-related behavior in explaining the link between type-D and poor clinical prognosis in cardiac patients.