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One night at sea: effects of verbal priming on perceptions and recollections of wartime events

Durkin, K. and Kirsner, Kim and Dunn, John C. (2008) One night at sea: effects of verbal priming on perceptions and recollections of wartime events. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 22 (7). pp. 938-952. ISSN 1099-0720

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Abstract

This study investigates perceptions of and memory for a filmed ambiguous event, intended to simulate features of a contentious naval incident that occurred during World War II. Participants viewed a short film that contained elements attributable to a storm or a battle at sea. In different conditions, test instructions mentioned speculation about the possibility of a storm or a battle, or were neutral. Participants exposed to the battle prime were significantly more likely to describe a battle taking place than were participants exposed to either,I storm or neutral prime. Evidence of the influence of expectations was also obtained via a recognition measure and confidence ratings. Memory biases were unchanged 7 weeks post the initial viewing. It is concluded that observers of ambiguous events during times of war are vulnerable to errors based oil schematic expectations and that these patterns of errors can be replicated in laboratory simulations.

Item type: Article
ID code: 19950
Keywords: eyewitness memory, scripts, schemas, information, recall, Psychology
Subjects: Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology
Department: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (HaSS) > School of Psychological Science and Health > Psychology
Related URLs:
    Depositing user: Strathprints Administrator
    Date Deposited: 28 May 2010 09:21
    Last modified: 12 Mar 2012 11:13
    URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/19950

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