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Enhancement and suppression effects resulting from information structuring in sentences

Sanford, A.J.S. and Price, J. and Sanford, A.J. (2009) Enhancement and suppression effects resulting from information structuring in sentences. Memory and Cognition, 37 (6). pp. 880-888.

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    Abstract

    Information structuring through the use of cleft sentences increases the processing efficiency of references to elements within the scope of focus. Furthermore, there is evidence that putting certain types of emphasis on individual words not only enhances their subsequent processing, but also protects these words from becoming suppressed in the wake of subsequent information, suggesting mechanisms of enhancement and suppression. In Experiment 1, we showed that clefted constructions facilitate the integration of subsequent sentences that make reference to elements within the scope of focus, and that they decrease the efficiency with reference to elements outside of the scope of focus. In Experiment 2, using an auditory text-change-detection paradigm, we showed that focus has similar effects on the strength of memory representations. These results add to the evidence for enhancement and suppression as mechanisms of sentence processing and clarify that the effects occur within sentences having a marked focus structure.

    Item type: Article
    ID code: 19881
    Keywords: enhancement, suppression, information structuring, sentences, Psychology, Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology, Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
    Subjects: Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > Psychology
    Department: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > Psychology
    Faculty of Engineering > Bioengineering
    Related URLs:
      Depositing user: Strathprints Administrator
      Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2010 14:18
      Last modified: 05 Sep 2014 23:38
      URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/19881

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